文章摘要
张 源.粤西金矿带勘查生态环境影响定量评估[J].地质与勘探,2022,58(6):1228-1235
粤西金矿带勘查生态环境影响定量评估
Quantitative ecological evaluation of gold exploration in West Guangdong gold belt
投稿时间:2022-04-18  修订日期:2022-08-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 矿产勘查 生态环境影响 定量评估 粤西金矿带
英文关键词: mineral exploration, ecological environment impact, quantitative evaluation, West Guangdong gold belt
基金项目:广东省财政项目“广东省矿产资源国情调查”(编号:09-2019-XMZC-0011-82-0003)和广州市科技计划项目“金属矿床智能勘查指导系统研究”(编号:202102080318)联合资助
作者单位E-mail
张 源 广东省地质调查院广东广州中国科学院广州地球化学研究所中国科学院矿物学与成矿学重点实验室, 广东广州 中国科学院大学,地球与行星科学学院, 北京 广东省矿物物理与材料研究开发重点实验室, 广东广州 zhangjiwei20@mails. ucas.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数: 225
全文下载次数: 85
中文摘要:
      矿产勘查活动往往会带来一定的生态环境影响,如何评估这些影响是当前矿产勘查所面临的迫切问题之一。本研究以广东省金矿资源最为集中的粤西金矿带为例,采用生态系统服务价值核算方法,利用单位面积生态环境价值,结合植被恢复时间和矿产资源潜力,量化评估粤西金矿带内的四个主要已知矿区勘查活动生态环境影响,进一步推测量化评估金矿带内其他具有类似成矿地质条件的预测单元勘查活动生态环境影响。评估结果表明:(1)粤西金矿带勘查活动生态环境影响成本较低,相对于其矿产资源潜力带来的社会经济效益而言,微乎其微;(2)广东省粤西金矿带下一步勘查工作方向仍应重点集中在金牛A类预测区、新洲A类预测区与高村A类预测区等资源潜力大、单位资源量生态环境成本低的区域;(3)本研究提出的勘查活动生态环境影响量化评估方法具有易操作、适用性广等特点,可用于其他地理环境下的勘查活动生态环境影响量化评估。
英文摘要:
      Mineral exploration will inevitably bring some ecological and environmental impacts, and how to quantify such impacts has become increasingly vital. Taking the West Guangdong gold belt with the most concentrated gold resources in Guangdong Province as an example, this studyutilized the methods of ecosystem service value accounting, ecological environment value per unit area, vegetation restoration time, and mineral resources potentialto evaluatethe ecological environmental impact of four majormines caused by exploration in West Guangdong gold belt. Then other metallogenic prognosis provinces with similar metallogenic geological environment in West Guangdong gold belt were further quantitatively evaluatedon the basis of the ecological environmental impact of exploration. Results show that: (1) Compared with social and economic benefits of mineral resources potential, the ecological and environmental impact cost of gold mineral exploration is very slight in West Guangdong gold belt. (2) The next exploration in the West Guangdong gold belt should still focus on the Jinniu, Xinzhou, and Gaocun areas, which have large resources and low ecological and environmental costs per unit resource. (3) The proposed quantitative assessment method of ecological environmental impact of exploration activities is easy to operate with wide applicability, which can be utilized for quantitative assessment of ecological environmental impact of exploration activities in other geographical regions.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭